Psychosocial work environment in the Conway Group
The primary goal of our group is to examine those factors that promote or hinder the preservation and development of a positive social and organisational environment in work settings. With the evidence gathered through our research, we aim to encourage stakeholders to establish improved organisational policies and practices that are more effective at promoting and sustaining the well-being and performance among workers of any age.
For older workers to stay healthy and work effectively, policies and practices should focus on building the right conditions so that employees are enabled to offer their best contributions to the work organisations until the later stages of their career. This requires a profound analysis of the role that older workers have in their work context – how their experience is used, how their tasks are designed, how they are managed, and the quality of their social environment. With specific regard to retirement, while smoother transition paths are available such as flexible retirement schemes (for instance, reduce working hours), their use might be limited because workplaces do not take into account the competences, skills, needs and preferences of older workers.
In our research, we will employ a mixed-method design, using both quantitative and qualitative analytical approaches, to understand the factors, at both the individual and organizational level, that may influence the decision of older workers to adopt, or not adopt, less abrupt transitions to retirement. The results of our research are expected to improve the use of flexible retirement in work organizations, especially in the view of sustaining and promoting the health and performance of older workers.
- Those employees exposed to negative social relations in their work settings such as workplace bullying and sexual harassment, are at an elevated risk of developing mental health problems (for instance, depression).
- Targets of workplace bullying are more at risk of staying absent from work for long periods of time as well as leaving their organisation, pointing to a detrimental effect of negative behaviour at work also on the organizations and society at large.
- We found that engaging in frequent sickness presenteeism (going to work while ill) may have a negative effect on mental health, increasing the risk of developing a depression in the long run.
Ageism in the public debate: Discourses on ageing and perceptions of the older worker
The study focuses on the discourses on ageing in the public debate and how, these might influence our perception of the older part of the population and ultimately older workers. Through collection of all communication (posts and comments) from 68 selected Facebook pages we will investigate these discourses in this public social media. This is done both quantitatively through computational models and qualitatively by discourse analyses.
Mental health problems, use of psychotropic drugs and suicidal behaviours among employees exposed to workplace bullying
We combine a large-size pool dataset of questionnaire data with nation-wide archives to uncover the link between workplace bullying and diagnosed mental disorders, psychotropic medication and suicidal behaviour.
Antecedents and consequences of sickness presenteeism
We explore what are the organisational conditions that may lead employees to feel pressurized to show up at work even when they are ill. We also examine the long-term consequences on health and well-being of such behaviour of going to work while sick.
Managing violence in high-risk work settings
We investigate which are the contextual factors that may increase or reduce the success of interventions aimed to reduce the risk of exposure to violence in high-risk settings such as psychiatric and prison/probation services.